This book (Compilations and Comments) is written with a comparative focus of past African independent states and South Sudan; to prepare the citizens, ruling elites, external and internal actors, and neighbours with a view to keeping this state where possible as a model in Africa. Getting independent when African countries seem to be maturing from the post colonial problems, the fifth decade of independence. South Sudan should not exhibit the vices of the 1960s of African infant countries. The authors have selectively gathered from cases on what has been seen, practiced and those that continue occurring in the neighbourhood countries. Richly drawing articles from scholars and speeches of African leaders and relevant own deductions (authors), the book invokes need to learn from past mistakes for a better future. As citizens and other interest groups exert claim may the state always triumph. May the advantaged ruling class that will exploit the infancy not defile this beautiful state but propel it for the generations to come as this has been one of the bedrock of most problems in Africa. Bad experiences of previous independent African states should help the new state-South Sudan.