The development of agriculture is utmost task in agriculturally dominated economies. The objective of agricultural development is to achieve socio-economic development. Present study is an attempt to assess the agriculture and socio-economic development of Rohilkhand. The study is based on a comprehensive field survey of thirty seven villages. It concentrate on land use classification of Rohilkhand to drive maximum benefits from each type of land whether agricultural or non-agricultural. Crop combination regions worked out keeping in view the importance of integrated assemblage of various crops. The crop-wise growth computed on the basis of linear regression. Agricultural productivity regions worked out to delineate the general pattern of productivity in the districts of the region. A causal relationship between the variables of agriculture and socio-economic development has been computed to know the regional imbalances. The levels of agriculture and socio-economic development worked out by using the Z score technique. This study examines what a situation is like and explaining how it got that way, and goes on to predict where it is going next and what should be done in response.