In the past, many researchers have largely been devoted and scholarly works produced on institutions of conflict management. And a growing concern was recorded on the vitality of customary institutions on the process. However, most were very generalized and found no to explain the case in all areas especially to indigenous people who detached from state encroachment and where customary institutions mark a basis for conflict resolution.Emergence of state institutions to indigenous societies cannot as such directly challenge customary laws and dichotomy was not always to exist. Rather, customary institutions set their set of adaptive mechanisms which sometimes reverse the power relation.Therefore, this book provides a new insight on state-customary relation in pastoral conflict management explaining in terms of their basic essentialities, actual implementation and changes with regimes.The analysis of this work will be important for future efforts to integrated implementation of the formal and customary laws in conflict resolution. It is expected that this book can be used as an important resource for researchers interested in further exploration of the issue under study.