Rapid economic growth and the resulting changes in consumption patterns are drastically changing the nature and scale of impact on the environment and natural resources, thus testing the carrying capacity of the natural ecosystems upon which much of the economic growth depends. There is a need to move towards Sustainable Development to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Stone Crushing Industry is an important industrial sector in India, engaged in producing crushed stone used as raw material for various activities such as construction of roads, bridges, buildings and canals. The stone crushing units can be seen in the vicinity of almost all major cities towns through out the country in all the states. During the stone crushing operations such as crushing, screening, conveying. substantial quantity of fine,fugitive dust is emitted which has negative impact on the health and well being of human beings and also affects visibility in the vicinity and vegetation etc. This book studies Social & Private Economic, Environmental costs, benefits. This study may help in further research in this area.