The book focuses on Study of structure, composition, biomass and nutrient dynamics of a dry tropical forest ecosystem. Mapping of these parameters shall be highly helpful in determination of ecological functioning of such ecosystems and their restoration. The book focuses on the prevailing perspectives and prospects of landscape ecology across geographic and cultural boundaries. It covers the theory, methodology, and applications of community, structure and forest diversity. The chapters have in-depth discussions of the major achievements, and future directions in a series of important research topics in diversity and landscape ecology. Some of them explore holistic, interdisciplinary approaches and describe innovative applications of landscape ecology principles in conservation, management, planning, and design. To ensure the quality of the book, all chapters were peer-reviewed. We believe that this book will be of interest to a wide audience, including graduate students, academic professionals, and practitioners in forest ecology, environmental science, landscape planning and design, and resource management.