Personal identification through fingerprints has long been recognized and is regarded as the greatest contribution to the law enforcement. Through its important characteristics, the science of fingerprint provides a unique service in the administration of justice and also in other areas where positive identification is of paramount importance. It has been estimated that chances of two persons having identical finger impressions is about one in sixty four thousand million population of the world. And even the fingerprints of identical twins are not similar.This study was taken up to determine the individuality of fingerprints and the predominant fingerprint pattern South Indian Population. It was found that each fingerprint was unique. The most frequent fingerprint pattern was ulnar loop, in the total population, as well as in the sex wise distribution.