Shorttitle This report presents an analytical discussion on the central role of parents in helping their substance misusing children. Initially, the report present the background literature such as pattern, types and social consequences of the substance misusing children and then highlights legislative statements, drug policy and services in the UK. It provides a brief highlight of the relevant social work theories and then attempts to identify the role of parents in intervention strategies based on those theories and analyse how social work can assess parents in performing their role in helping their substance misusing children. The study is based on a documentation/literature review. Some suggestions have been added from experts working in this field. Anti-oppressive practices have been highlighted throughout the report. In some aspects Bangladesh perspective has been compared. Some areas have been identified for policy implications and further research for improving services regarding effective parental role.