All that glitters is not gold thus all that sweet is not so sweet. Sugar is our everyday commodity but we rarely give a second thought to how and where it is produced and what cost our environment have to pay for it. The focus of this book is to provide the reader the grounds for better understanding of the air pollution problems in sugar industries, their root causes and critical environmental impacts resulted during the sugar manufacturing process. Data from four sugar millls of Punjab (Pakistan) was collected and analysed. The whole study was framed in the light of National Environmental Quality standards (NEQs). It was noted that carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM) and smoke exceed the NEQs limits. Various air pollution control and treatment technologies were explored, reviewed and evaluated to find out the best possible solutions to make the sugar manufacturing process more supporting and sustainable for environment. These include reduction at source, modification in processes and use of appropriate equipments such as Cyclones, Wet Scrubber, Bagasse Filters, Electrostatic Precipitator and Settling Chambers etc.