Efficient supply chain management (SCM) is recognized as a strategic tool for companies to enhance performance in terms of quality, time, speed and reliability while minimizing total costs. Based on resource-based view (RBV) and knowledge-based view of the firm (KBV) perspectives, supply chain can be considered as an organization‘s strategic asset to achieve competitive advantage. Knowledge management (KM) is a crucial requirement for the organizations to leverage their knowledge in today‘s turbulent business environment. Knowledge acquisition and knowledge application are two important dimensions of knowledge management that should seriously be taken into consideration by all organizations. The present work investigates the linkage between SCM and KM. This work was carried out to examine the relationships between supply chain process knowledge and organizational performance. Supply chain learning also has been investigated as another factor which affects organizational performance.