More than 20 years ago a great revolution reached the surgical rooms around the globe: the videosurgery, one of the greatest evolutions in the history of surgical art, comparable to major advances of the past such as the discovery of anesthesia and antibiotic therapy. Surgery by Minimal Access has brought less suffering, less severe metabolic changes and faster recovery for patients, disseminating itself through the operating rooms of the world quickly and enthusiastically. The permanent improvement of optical equipment, as well as the instruments used in videosurgery, has allowed increasingly complex operations could be determined by the method minimally invasive. Several parallel technologies and new approaches have emerged in the wave of surgical revolution in progress, such as surgery at a distance (or telesurgery), robotics applied to surgery, teaching through internet, virtual reality, surgery by natural orifices (NOTES) and the LESS – LaparoEndoscopic Single Site Surgery. This book presents the amazing technologies that has been changing the surgical field,adding better technical and aesthetic results to the existence reason of our profession: our patients.