The planet earth is experiencing environmental disasters caused by the mal application of developmental strategies that put human survival at stake. The urge for economic growth and the competition created as a result have caused multifarious problems on the environment. As a response, in the early 1970’s there arose a growing concern regarding the impact of economic growth on social development and the environment leading to the foundation of global environmental institutions. Almost 20 years after the institutionalization of modern environmental policies governments of developed states began to consider more comprehensive approaches linking environment and development decision makings: ‘sustainable development’. To this end, all nation states are forced to design their own policy framework to help attain sustainable development. Accordingly, the government of Ethiopia has recently designed developmental strategies that is said to put Ethiopia in the right track. This book evaluates the developmental strategies- the investment and environmental policy- framework of the country and examine to what extent these policies are integrated to achieve sustainable development goals.