The role of education in successful global economies is undisputable and so is the link between efficiency and equity. Ethnic diversity in western societies has not been sufficiently reflected in national education systems while racism and ethnic tension remain a problem. The book challenges contemporary policy approaches. It draws on the development of educational policies as compared between the Czech Republic and Scotland in 1997-2007, focussing on how the reforms reflect equity in education and its impact on the most vulnerable ethnic group in Europe, the Roma, Gypsies and Travellers. It analyses key theoretical concepts and the international legal framework for minority and human rights with relevance to ethnic and racial discrimination. It describes the background to anti-discrimination legislation, policies and practice, as well as the education systems in both countries with emphasis on teacher training. The book is addressed to policy makers, educators, human rights advocates and the general public who are interested in political, legal and other factors that affect the implementation of equitable and sustainable educational policies.