This book is based on the research work of the author carried out during his Ph. D. programme. This book offers a comprehensive and coherent account of entire fields of soil moisture conservation and different nutrient management practices in rainfed agro-ecosystem. The contents of the book include seven chapters: 1. Introduction, 2. Review of literature, 3. Materials and Methods, 4. Results, 5. Discussion, 6. Summary and Conclusions and 7. Bibliography. Review of Literature chapter has detail account of workdone under different aspect of soil moisture conservation and nutrient management practices internationally. It is hoped that this book serves as reference book for student, teachers and researchers and those are engaged in rainfed agro-ecosystem.