Many countries have been facing the problems of land degradation triggered by natural as well as anthropogenic factors. Improper land management systems have resulted in widespread problem of fertility decline. Checking the further degradation of land by adopting appropriate measures is the need of the hour. Improved practices aimed at sustainable management of upland soils in the hills area have been suggested by the agriculture and natural resource management experts. However, before recommending the practices for the adoption it is imperative to understand various factors that may influence the adoption of such practices. Moreover, it is equally necessary to understand the basic features of such practices. This book gives an overview of some of the potential improved soil management practices and highlights the factors that may affect the adoption of such practices by the farmers based on the case of Nepal. The contents of the book may especially be useful for the frontline extension workers working in the field of agriculture and natural resource management, or anyone else who may be interested in natural resource management and sustainable agriculture.