A comprehensive colored atlas of tabanid morphology of 22 available species within 6 genera are provided. A taxonomic review of Tabanidae including valid names, keys, diagnosis, synonyms and distributions for each species is given. Genus Neavella Oldroyd is recorded for the first time from Palaearctic region (Egypt). Also, herein two new species (Neavella silvioides and Atylotus shagrensis) are described. In addition, four species (Tabanus arenivagus Austen, T. leucostomus Loew, Neavella albipectus (Bigot) and Chrysops flavipes Meigen) are recorded from Egypt for the first time. Phylogeny based on cladistic analysis "at the specific and generic levels" of Tabanidae is conducted using 22 available taxa based on morphological characters.