This study was conducted in East Shoa, Ethiopia todetermine the prevalence of Cysticercus bovis and therisk factors associated with Taenia saginatainfection and bovine. Analysis of the retrospectivemeat inspection official meat records from abattoirsshowed that of the 44, 461 inspected animals 4.8% ofthem were found to be infected with Cysticercusbovis. The active abattoir data investigationrevealed that 19.5% of the carcasses examined werefound positive for C. bovis infection. A significantdifferent in the infection proportion between the agegroups was observed. The most frequent locations ofthe cysts among the inspection sites during thisstudy were, tongue, heart, shoulder, masseter muscle,liver and lung in decreasing order. The viabilitytest of the isolated cysts shows that 63.81% wereviable. The highest proportion of viability wasobserved in the shoulder followed by heart, tongue,masseter muscle and liver. The questionnaire surveyrevealed that 75.9% of the respondents had contractedtaeniasis due to .Analysis using logistic regressionshowed that age and status of raw meat consumptionwere the most important risk factors for taeniasis inthe study areas.