This book appraises the concept and practice of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the Telecommunication and broadcast industry in Nigeria. It examines the crucial role of EIA in government decision – making process as it relates to the Telecommunication and broadcast industry in Nigeria. As an environmental management tool, EIA has been made a mandatory practice before siting of the telecommunication masts and base stations. The procedure of conducting an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was described and a comparative study of few African countries and the United Kingdom (UK) was made to elucidate on the common areas of practice. The institutional framework for telecommunication and broadcast industry has been critically analyzed to gauge the adequacy or otherwise of its regulatory role in ensuring that sustainable development is achieved in Nigeria.