Termites, otherwise, known as white ants, are soft-bodied social insects of the order Isoptera. Among the various types of termites, subterranean termites are abundant in many parts of the world and are the most destructive kind of termite. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material, generally in the form of wood, and they live in colonies. This book features about the microscopic fauna involved in the process of conversion of food of termites. Significance of termite mound is dealt in an extensive manner to understand its architectural impact and climate regulation mechanism. Damage caused by termites to trees and buildings are discussed in a comprehensive manner in this book along with the various management options available to tackle the problem of termites. Nutritive value of termites is also highlighted to stress the importance of termites as human food.