If deeply seen, one can seldom find a single human right that would not be affected by terrorist attacks. Not to mention terrorism''s devastating impacts on various sets of human rights, the fact that it destroys ‘freedom from fear'' makes it clear that any terrorist act is inherently irreconcilable with human rights. This justifies counter-terorism measures. However, many a times, such measures are pretexts to violate fundamental rights. The United Nations passed a number of resolutions showing the commitment of the international community to take human rights seriously while countering terrorism. Ethiopia has adopted an anti-terrorism legislation. This book analyzes the impacts of terrorism and counter terrorism on human rights protection; describe the responses of the United Nations and most importantly appraise the human rights implications of the anti-terrorism law of Ethiopia. It gives academicians, journalists,and the public at large an excellent understanding regarding the interplay between terrorism and counter-terrorism vis-à-vis human rights protection and the negative and positive implications of Ethiopia''s anti-terrorism law from a human rights perspective.