Revision with unchanged content. My objective is to deepen debate about the competitiveness of nations in a global knowledge–based economy. I first demonstrate the inadequacies of the Standard Model of economics, the last ideology standing after the Market-Marx Wars. Second, I apply trans-disciplinary induction to acquire ‘knowledge about knowledge’ redefining ‘ideology’ as commensurable concepts shared across knowledge domains and practices. Third, I define knowledge as noun, verb, form and content in etymology, psychology, epistemology & pedagogy, law and economics. Fourth, I consider the Nation-State, the shifting sands of sovereignty on which it stands and its role as curator, facilitator, patron, architect and engineer of the national knowledge-base. Fifth, I present a production function in which all inputs, outputs and coefficients are knowledge-based. I demonstrate competitiveness as Darwinian win/lose is inadequate not accounting for mutualism of symbionts and environmental change then proposing fitness as the appropriate criterion. Finally, I consider comparative advantage given differing national knowledge endowments. The book is addressed all persons interested in the knowledge-based economy.