Ethnic and communal violence (conflicts) have in recent years become common place in many parts of Ghana and other African countries. This book will be interested in looking at the effects of such violence in the form of chieftaincy conflicts on the socio-economic development of the affected local areas. The book will use the Bawku Chieftaincy Conflict as a case study. I have adopted the insights of the economic theories of war and predation to theorize that the factions in the Bawku Chieftaincy conflict are rational economic players who are interested in the economic, social and political rewards that will accrue to the victorious faction. This book should help shed some light on the causes and the implications of ethnic and communal violence on the economic and social development of the local areas where such conflict take place. This book should be especially useful to students and researchers of peace and conflict studies and to anyone who is interested in issues relating to ethnicity, conflicts and rural (local) development.