Excessive growth of population due to urbanization led to upward growth of cities, which as consequence cities missed their realms and boundaries and produced variety of urban forms that took a little consider of their affects upon the environment. Thus, this century experienced the miracle of urban sprawl as the initial primary urban form. The urban sprawl and the expansion of urban areas are the concerns of today’s cities due to social, environmental and economic negative impacts that has in the cities. According to these impacts, it is believed that urban sprawl demonstrates a threat for urban sustainability, since it indicates high level of land, water and energy consumption, as well as increase pollutants and wastes. In the today’s world the best way to implement sustainability is the urban development and overcoming the consequences of rapid urban planning such as urban sprawl. Hence, sustainable urban forms would be a solution for this phenomenon to achieve sustainability in all three dimensions in the contemporary cities. Accordingly, the focus of this book is analyzing the types and costs of urban sprawl in Kyrenia city.