In Africa today issues of how to develop the continent to bring about meaningful development have been underway since the 1960's. Different debates on what is to be the engine for development have emerged in various part of the continent. The 1990's can be described as the era that ushered a major global development paradigm with increasing focus on people's welfare, poverty alleviation, the access to information and technology, economic and regional integration and the environment. Increasingly, African leaders and the donor community recognize that regional cooperation and integration can help bring Africa into the global economy. African countries recognize that purely national programmes will not achieve the growth rates needed to combat poverty, hence the need for international programmes. African states are now more then ever starting to look amongst themselves for the desired developments. This ultimately inspired the establishment of NEPAD.