This book tries to discuss the image of Jerusalem from the perspective of three nineteenth century western protestant travelers; Pierre Loti, Mark Twain and William M. Thackeray. The travelers are amongst those who are known as authors rather than travelers or explorers. Such choice is important to emphasize the line between fiction and reality. In the writings of such travelers, representation of Jerusalem is influenced by Protestant teachings by which the writers were raised. Also while depicting the city, the writers benefited from their ability to create fiction to transfer their ideas and feelings about Jerusalem.