Nigeria has the potential to become Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest economy because of its rich human and natural resources. These vast natural resources qualify Nigeria to be a major recipient of foreign direct Investment. Foreign Direct Investment in turn is believed to be an engine of economic development in that it brings about the transfer of technology, managerial skills, international production, access to markets, etc. A number of studies have been conducted on the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth, with most of those studies focusing on cross-country studies. Yet, results about the relationship between foreign direct investment and economic growth come with varying outcomes. This Bachelor’s thesis focused exclusively on Nigeria with a view to analysing the role foreign direct investment has played on economic growth in Nigeria since independence. This thesis concludes by making important recommendations that are particularly useful to investors who want to invest in Nigeria; academicians interested in studies of FDI-growth linkage; and to policymakers to adopt some measures to further strengthen and improve investment environment in Nigeria.