Employment Relation as we know today is very different compared to periods as far as early 1960s. Employment Relations formerly known as Industrial Relations underwent many considerable changes due to the introduction of labour legislations. Labour legislations have undoubtedly shaped the systems and redefined the mechanisms in the industry system. Not much work has been conducted on the evolution of the legal framework in employment relation which is important to understand the evolution of industrial revolution in Mauritius.This dissertation purports to probe into the impacts upon employee relations that labour legislations have brought into over the years. Mauritius is being faced with a series of socio-economic problems that urged the necessity to take bold actions to keep them at bay. With a view to curb all these threats, the Government went on in reforming the labour market and its system. In the first Budget Speech 2006/2007, the current regime announced new legislations framework namely the Employment Relation Act and the Employment Rights Act replacing old laws Industrial Relation Act 1973 and the Labour Act 1975 having a direct impact on the labour market.