Modern economy, especially over the last 20 years, brought to the modification of society and the way people work. As a result, a number of new professional figures emerged and embarked on what has been historically termed a professional project. The focus of this thesis is on one of those new expert occupations: project management (PM). PM being hampered by multiple players with contrasting interests, it is forced to develop its professional projects in a new way differently from old and traditional, professions. Professional strategies focus, on the one hand, on the struggle to compete in the private and public sectors, and, on the other hand, between national and international level. Thus this thesis is the first detailed and comprehensive study in the field of PM within the Italian context. To analyze the development of the PM professional project, I looked mainly at the three main PM professional associations that are active in this field: PMI, IPMA, and ISIPM. The result shows that the development of PM in Italy is following a new pattern of professionalization with distinctive characteristics either respect to traditional professions that to the new ones.