This book examines the challenges to the ICC prosecutions for the northern Uganda conflict and suggests approaches necessary to achieve justice and long-lasting peace in northern Uganda. The analysis is made largely on the basis of the issued warrants against the LRA top commanders. However, in some cases, reference is also made to possible prosecution of other persons if further investigations are carried out. It concludes that whereas the ICC prosecution has been successful in forcing the LRA to the negotiating table, it was clear that the ICC remained a very real obstacle to achieving an end to the conflict. Although justice is necessary in this conflict, where it conflicts with peace, peace should take precedence. It recommends that the Security Council should request the ICC to suspend prosecution to create way for peace.