The author presents the report based on facts as well as sound and sagacious judgement. The author has pointed out that the equation of backward classes with certain castes is not based on sound reasoning. She has also drawn attention to the fact that the benefits of reservation have not percolated downwards as expected. It may be said to be necessary to implement the policy of reservation in such a manner that it can be self-terminating in time and does not in the meanwhile fan bitterness or neglect of talent. The book may be useful to all the policy makers, researchers as well the enthusiastic readers on this dispassionate discussion of such an urgent issue.