This book attempts to analyse the compliance of Nepalese juvenile justice system against the international standards set by ?hard'' or ?soft'' law or juvenile justice ?specific'' or ?general'' international human rights instruments. The analysis is based on the Child Rights-Based Approaches (CRBAs), general principles of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 (CRC) in general and principle of ?the best interests of the child'' in particular and the principle of ?state obligation'' have been used. Primary as well relevant secondary data have been used for the purpose of analysis. The book concludes ?Nepal has taken some good initiatives to establish a separate juvenile justice system to handle cases of the children in conflict with the law but it needs significant reforms to establish a comprehensive juvenile justice system in comply with the international standard and make to serve the best interest of the child''. Finally, recommendations have been made to strengthen the juvenile justice system in Nepal.