The international scene brought to light the environmental problem with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 1992. Then, the third Conference of the Parties agreed to establish a new Protocol: the Kyoto Protocol. Its objective is the stabilization of atmospheric concentrations of GHG at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system. The Protocol introduced mechanisms which can be used by a country which anticipates an excess on the ceiling of permitted emissions. : it caps its carbon emissions at a certain level and then permits firms and industries the right to emit a stated amount of carbon dioxide over a time period. Firms are then free to trade these credits in a free market. The objective of this research is to examine how the Kyoto Protocol can be modified to efficiently tackle global warming. This research does not intend to weight out the controversies rising by the Protocol but to analyze it how it failed. The challenge of this Protocol was in its novelty. Nowadays, it is to make it useful. We demonstrate the weakness of the protocol through two issues: Human rights and the unbalance sharing of the projects.