In the late period of the Soviet Union a number of radical changes were introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev under the Perestroika reforms in an effort to stave off a collapse of the bureaucratic system. Among these was the introduction of semi-democratic reforms that saw limited elections. Politics was reinventing itself from the top down at a rapid pace. The collapse of the USSR and the subsequent economic and social crisis in Russia radically changed forever the political landscape in this ?ountry. The multi-party system replaced the communist party domination. The rapidly developed social and property differentiation, the complexity and depth of a crisis, the ideological confrontation, the low level of the political culture and some other factors determined the diversity and instability of the multi-party system in Russia, including its left-wing spectrum. The Left Parties in Russia by Evgeny Pashentsev is a unique source for those who need documentary information and statistics on nine Russian political parties. In this single volume you will find comprehensive coverage that is hard to acquire elsewhere, material has been drawn from an impressive number of diverse sources.