The idea that water can form elements is thousands of years old. The idea that plants can form elements through their life processes is also ancient. These ideas have ranged from mainstream scientific belief to utter absurdity and now these old ideas are being brought together for a fresh new hypothesis. With the modern instrumentation that is now available for elemental analysis, the idea of biological transmutation can be studied with a higher degree of precision than ever before. This work reexamines the mystery of biological transmutation that has been shrouded in controversy, and provides a new view to the debate.