Over the past two decades, academics and practitioners in the public sector in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries undertook to find practical ways to make governments efficient, effective and economic. Their proposed solutions include running government as a private business (i.e. Managerialism) or getting private sector companies to do the job on behalf of governments (i.e. privatisation). These two generic options came to be known as the New Public Management (NPM). The NPM principles were introduced and often imposed on developing countries through privatisation of public services. This book sheds some light on the benefits and consequences of using private sector companies to provide basic services in developing countries. This book will be especially useful for researchers and students of Public Administration and an invaluable tool for professionals and practitioners in the public sector. This book should also be a valuable source for non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community-based organisations (CBOs) lobbyists or anyone else who may be considering utilizing the private sector companies to make government work better.