The present surveillance study was conducted to assess the prevalence of bone mineral density disorders in relationship with modification in lifestyle and dietary habits. On the accomplishment of the study, correlation and association between bone mineral density and nutritional risk factors (carbonated beverages, tea, calcium supplements, milk/dairy products, green leafy vegetables, meat products, legumes & cereal consumption) and non-nutritional risk factors (socioeconomic status, gender, age, BMI, physical activity, education, smoking & chronic maladies) were assessed. The results of study revealed that several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors were associated in the development of osteoporosis. According to research findings, people are moving towards the sedentary lifestyle and calcium-enriched diets are not commonly consumed. However, the trend of carbonated beverage consumption has replaced the traditional use of dairy products; consequently, osteoporosis is becoming more prevalent. Observations also revealed that low socioeconomic status are also contributing in the prevalence of osteoporosis.