Indeed this study could be used as inference to pastoral versus agrarian conflicts of similar settings in Africa in general and conflicts (between Guji –Oromo and Amaro; Borana-Oromo and Konso; Karayu-Oromo and Amahara, ethnic groups) in Ethiopia Federal System in particular. ………… the promise by the wereda administration for "justice to be made" frustrated them more. One (Guji elder) said "Look! It is not the humans [that is to mean the leaders] that neglected us, but God! Because humans do have different motives but, I wonder how Almighty God let one to illegally possess and own one's property. Indeed we are sorry that our justice from God procrastinated, since we expect nothing from humans-beings". “…..we learned how to rear animals from which our community benefited a lot out of it from the Guji and they (the Guji) learned how to cultivate land from us". ……….. the area of grazing land adjacent to the agrarian community … is shrinking from time to time because of increase farming land. Farming is a destruction of resource and environment for the Guji/pastoralist while it is utilizing "ideal resources" for the members of the Burji/agrarian communities.