The focus of the book is the participation of women in formal and non formal politics. Women''s participation may be constrained by the relative closure of the institutionalized political system. women participate in other activities including marketing,local civic associations such as rate payers associations and farmers groups Women who have significant power are those who belong to organizations such as the church, political parties and government. strategies used in formal politics of which include networks and patron client relationships. The book identifies the similarities, linkages and differences between formal and non formal politics. Some women disengage from both formal and non formal politics preferring to concentrate on individual ventures rather than associational activities. The book offers fresh insights into the current knowledge on women in local politics, power relations that underpin political transactions.