Nowadays, the distribution and protection (DAP) of plants and animals (PAA) on wetland was a hot topic all over the world. And the relationship among land, water, plants and animals was becoming more and more complex and standing out in the modern age and the importance of wetland protection was increasing rapidly. The overall design of Land and Water Management (LWM) was all based on the vegetation types, distribution, living habitats of plants and animals and local climate, soil, hydrology. The LWM provided maximum feasibility protection and sustainable development for PAA on wetlands and the final goal was protected the diversity of PAA and the whole eco-system of wetland. The LWM plan provided reliable guarantee and effective support to DAP of PAA. DAP of PAA and LWM are complementary, like one organic overall, win-win each other and anyone was indispensible in the condition of enough human power, material resources, technology and infrastructure and also in the process of ?develop wetland, treat problem and manage wetland. They were all absolutely necessary parts of wetland eco-system.