Over the period of my research on the subject matter, it has been observed that a lot has been written in the relevant areas. With regard to this, this work will provide specific roles on counseling. Hence in the process I will also outline the role-played by the guidance in-conjunction to counseling in our learning institutions here in Kenya. In addition, this research provides both public and private learning institutions with a deep understanding of the guidance and counseling. Chapter one is the introduction to the subject matter. It explains the background and the scope of the counseling and guidance in the Kenyan learning institutions.