Despite ambitious political plans and substantial economic investments, there are - at best - mixed experiences with the introduction of ICTs in classroom settings in most western countries. Norway is an interesting case in point because it is the OECD country with the highest ICT use among pupils and the best school level ICT infrastructure, yet at the same time experiences the greatest relative decline in skills and knowledge from 2003 to 2009 as measured in the PISA study. In trying to better understand some of the processes responsible for this state of affairs, this book examines how and why teachers of English as a foreign language (EFL) make use of ICTs in their teaching. Based on data from a national survey of lower secondary school EFL-teachers, it is possible to discern the common characteristics of high ICT intensity teachers. Among the most salient factors we find stronger faith in the objectives set out in national plans and strategies. Educational ICT initiatives enter a subject specific context which must be sufficiently acknowledged by administrators and policy makers in order to make optimal use of ICTs'' positive potential.