Small scale industries play a key role in the industrialization of developing countries. This is because they provide immediate large –scale employment and has a comparatively higher labour capital ratio: they need a shorter gestation period and relatively smaller markets. They need lower investments, offer a method of ensuring a more and equitable distribution of national income and facilitates an effective mobilization of resources of capital and skill. The small scale sector in India has played a very important role in the socio-economic development of the country during the past 50 years. In has significantly contributed to the overall growth in terms of the GDP, employment generation and exports. The performance of the small scale sector therefore has a direct impact on the growth of the overall economy. This study is restricted to the role of small scale sector in Indian economy. India is a poor country mainly depending on agriculture. The role of small scale sector in its economic development is highlighted. This study deals with the role of SSI in empowering weaker sections. SSI has been considered as one area where women workers are in good number.