Traditional leaders are still very important in trying to understand conflict in pastoral areas of Somali Regional State. Such leadership can be used to resolve conflicts if they would have the chance to obtain the support and respect of the Federal, Regional as well as the local administration. The pastoral communities have great respect and trust on the traditional way of pastoral conflict resolution rather than the modem state lead conflict resolution. As a result all most all cases of inter and intra-clan conflicts in the pastoral areas of Somali Region are resolved in a traditional way of conflict resolution. The central traditional methods of conflict resolution constitute the tradition of forgiveness, respect for elders and the transfer of resources as Mag or diya compensation payments. This book indicates how the role of traditional leaders is very important in resolving pastoral inter and intra clan conflicts than the modern governmental system.