Mother tongue based Multilingual Education (MLE) for the linguistic minorities has become a global movement. This book examines the effectiveness of the MLE and MLE Plus programs in Orissa and to compare them with the common form of majority-language-medium (Oriya medium) subtractive education for tribal children. The author has had very useful research and fieldwork experience working with indigenous (officially called 'tribal') communities in remote rural and underdeveloped areas in India. In this book, he analyses mother tongue based multilingual education (MLE) programs for Saora tribal children in Orissa, India. It is an excellent piece of ethnographic study with quantitative, qualitative and classroom observation data comparing the MLE and non-MLE tribal children - their educational achievement, classroom participation and learning strategies. The author also studies the communities for their awareness of the issues of language and culture in education and literacy engagement. He has visited several places where different indigenous/ tribal groups live and his exploration of research possibility and his analysis of Multilingual Education in India is remarkable.