India has a diversified collection of religions and religious minorities living all together, therefore, it is a remarkable case study and consideration. This study is an anthropological and sociological research designed to describe the religious identity and the living condition of Muslims and Shias in Mysore city of India. This research is a case study on the social and economic conditions of Shia Muslims in Mysore. It has also a historical look upon formation of cultural identity of Shias in South India. In this study, the data has been collected through integrative, qualitative and quantitative methods using interview techniques, participation, observation; and 1271 members of 250 families have been surveyed through questionnaire. The results of this study are considerable for cultural, religious and Islamic studies. Meanwhile, it is a concise, specific and the first scientific research record on Shia Muslims of Mysore City in India.