Rwanda is a country which continues to perform better on average despite the devastating 1994 Tutsi Genocide which led to a significant loss of human capital and a destruction of social, economic and political structures. Rwanda realised spectacular performance in subsequent few years after the genocide. Post Tutsi Genocide average growth rate outweighed the pre-genocide average growth rate. The average growth rate for the period 1999-2008 has been 7.3 percent while it was 2.0 percent for the period 1980-1989. What are the driving forces behind this spectacular performance? This book analyses the basis in terms of production and trade structure of the recent post Tutsi Genocide high economic growth in Rwanda to find out if it is conducive for sustained high growth. The analysis should be useful to the academicians, policy makers, economic development practitioners and the business community as developing countries are working towards poverty reduction and meeting the millenium development goals.