The topic of a new revival of the European Union's Mediterranean policy has been on top of the European Union's agenda ever since French President Sarkozy proposed to launch a ‘Mediterranean Union'. The proposal evoked critics in favour and against. Some argued that the initiative would most likely meet the same faith encountered by the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, whilst others appreciated how it had refocused attention upon the Mediterranean, with the potential of revamping relations. Following a brief description of the nature and structures of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership and European Neighbourhood Policy, this book shall present an analysis on whether the Union for the Mediterranean may solve the shortcomings faced by the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, which have hindered full cooperation between the European Union and Mediterranean countries. The book is intended both for non-scholars who have an interest in this area of studies, and for scholars wanting a simplistic overview of this Mediterranean initiative.