Jakarta''s transport system has moved away from sustainability over the past fifty years. Traffic accidents and air pollution have become serious problems, and growing congestion has resulted in increasing travel times. The book critically examined previous urban transport studies commissioned to deal with this problem, and surveyed the views of government officers, transport experts and users on the existing transport conditions. It was established that to achieve an urban sustainable transport system, more attention will have to be given to facilitation of walking and cycling, development of public-transport infrastructure and transit-oriented, mixed land use, and a strong focus on management of transport demand. This will not happen without reform of the present transport policy-making system.