The information on the dynamics of stand structure and composition of indigenous forests and woodlands needs to be explored more systematically, as it probably holds the key to the management of the indigenous forests. Unfortunately, vegetative information on the structure of the Miombo woodlands in Eastern Tanzania is scanty, as much of the literature on Miombo woodlands remains greatly deficient in precise data about its extent, composition, and rate of growth. This book, therefore, provides species composition, population characteristics and distribution of the ecosystem as well as species dominance using species IVI and percentage of canopy cover for the Miombo woodlands at Kitulangalo Forest Reserve. The analysis done in this book should shed some light on how to manage the overexploited indigenous trees of Kitulangalo Forest Reserve which consists of over 88% of small trees of ? 20 cm dbh indicating recovery from earlier intense utilization pressure. This book which targets researchers, academicians and conservationists should also spearhead more research on the Miombo woodlands found at Kitulangalo Forest Reserve which have a high presence of Combretum molle.