The increasing occurrence of natural disaster nowadays has shifted the paradigm of disaster mitigation from government centric towards society-based mitigation. This book explores the financial aspects as crucial factors in determining better conditions in disaster situation by highlighting the viabilities of musyarakah as a social protection mechanism in time of disaster. As the oldest financial instrument in islamic economic system, musyarakah provides a financing framework which is potentially useful in disaster situations. Through field observation in Jogjakarta in the context of 2006 earthquake, it appeared that the practice of musyarakah by both social organization and financial institution has given a relief mechanism for the victims and at the same time carry out social resiliencies in responding to disaster frustration. In addition, musyarakah will remain as a mere potential without creativity and engagement of various elements in society as well as government support.