This is text book “ on the welfare, management, diseases, rights and acts of laboratoryanimals and zoo animals” has been designed accordingto the latest syllabus of HEC for the Veterinary undergraduates pursuing for the degree of Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM). This book will help the students to understand management practices and diseases of laboratory animals and animals in captivity. An utmost try has been made to full fill the modern requirements of the laboratory animals and captive animals. The most emerging field of Zoo Veterinarian will also get some benefits and the latest procedures adopted for rearing of laboratory animals, that are needed now a days in our institutions. Still there is paucity of knowledge and literature regarding the understanding of needs of experimental animals, prevalence of various diseases, feeding behaviours of exotic animals and special laboratory animals, building of specialized laboratory animal houses, seasonal variations, vector role for various diseases of public health and zoonotic importance.